Evaluation of interconversion pharmacokinetics of 16α-hydroxycleroda-3,13(14)Z-dien-15,16-olide - a novel HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor and its acid metabolite using multi-compartmental pharmacokinetic model in mice.

TitleEvaluation of interconversion pharmacokinetics of 16α-hydroxycleroda-3,13(14)Z-dien-15,16-olide - a novel HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor and its acid metabolite using multi-compartmental pharmacokinetic model in mice.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
JournalXenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems
Volume49
Issue4
Pagination474-483
ISSN0049-8254
Abstract

16α-Hydroxycleroda-3,13(14)Z-dien-15,16-olide (4655K-09 or K-09) is a novel clerodane diterpene lactone reported for its anti-hyperlipidemic efficacy. The objective of the present study was to investigate the probable reversible metabolism of 4655K-09 and evaluate its effects on pharmacokinetic (PK) properties. The PK studies were carried out through intravenous (IV) bolus administration of 4655K-09 and K-9T in mice at a dose of 3, 6 and 12 mg/kg separately. The oral PK study of 4655K-09 was carried out at therapeutic dose of 25 mg/kg. The % AUC of metabolite converted to parent upon its administration was found to be 27.28 ± 2.67. The multi-compartmental interconversion model defined reversible and irreversible clearances along with volumes of distribution for parent and metabolite. The results emphasized that hydrolysis of lactone to acid was more efficient than back conversion to parent due to greater extent of irreversible elimination of acid. Further, the role of interconversion in pharmacokinetics of 4655K-09 was evaluated through secondary parameters like conversion coefficients of parent to metabolite ( ), metabolite to parent ( : 0.019 ± 0.001), exposure enhancement (EE: 1.04 ± 0.006), and recycled fraction (RF: 0.042 ± 0.007), highlighted the minimal role of interconversion. The estimation of oral bioavailability remains unaffected when calculated through considering reversible metabolism. The present model-based interconversion pharmacokinetics of 4655K-09 in mice could be further extended to other species to support its development as anti-hyperlipidemic agent.

URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00498254.2018.1451933
DOI10.1080/00498254.2018.1451933
Short TitleXenobiotica
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