Farnesoid secretions of dipteran ring glands: what we do know and what we can know.

TitleFarnesoid secretions of dipteran ring glands: what we do know and what we can know.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
JournalInsect biochemistry and molecular biology

Harnessing of the Drosophila genetic system toward ascertaining the molecular endocrinology of higher dipteran (cyclorrhaphan) larval development has been a goal for over 70 years, beginning with the data left to us by pioneer researchers from the classical endocrine era. The results of their experiments evidence numerous ring gland activities that are parsimoniously explained as arising from secretions of the larval corpora allatal cells. Utilization of those data toward an understanding of molecular endocrinology of cyclorrhaphan metamorphosis has not yet achieved its hoped for fruition, in part due to a perceived difficulty in identifying larval targets of the molecule "methyl epoxyfarnesoate" (=juvenile hormone III). However, as is reviewed here, it is important to maintain a conceptual distinction between "the target of JH III"Versus "the target(s) of products secreted by the larval corpora allatal cells of ring glands." Recent advances have been made on the identity, regulation and reception of ring gland farnesoid products. When these advances are evaluated together with the above data from the classical endocrine era, there is a new opportunity to frame experimental hypotheses so as to discern underlying mechanisms on cyclorrhaphan larval-pupal metamorphosis that have been heretofore intractable. This paper reconsiders a number of evidenced physiological targets of secretions of corpora allatal cells of the larval ring gland, and places them in the context of more recent biochemical and molecular advances in the field.

Short TitleInsect Biochem Mol Biol
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