The melatonin-sensitive circadian clock of the enteric bacterium Enterobacter aerogenes.

TitleThe melatonin-sensitive circadian clock of the enteric bacterium Enterobacter aerogenes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
JournalGut microbes
Volume7
Issue5
Pagination424-7
Date Published2016
ISSN1949-0976
Abstract

Circadian clocks are fundamental properties of all eukaryotic organisms and at least some prokaryotic organisms. Recent studies in our laboratory have shown that the gastrointestinal system contains a circadian clock that controls many, if not all, aspects of gastrointestinal function. We now report that at least one species of intestinal bacteria, Enterobacter aerogenes, responds to the pineal and gastrointestinal hormone melatonin by an increase in swarming activity. This swarming behavior is expressed rhythmically, with a period of approximately 24 hrs. Transformation of E. aerogenes to express luciferase with a MotA promoter reveals circadian patterns of bioluminescence that are synchronized by melatonin and whose periods are temperature compensated from 26°C to 40°C. Bioinformatics suggest similarities between the E. aerogenes and cyanobacterial clocks, suggesting the circadian clock may have evolved very early in the evolution of life. They also point to a coordination of host circadian clocks with those residing in the microbiota themselves.

URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19490976.2016.1208892
DOI10.1080/19490976.2016.1208892
Short TitleGut Microbes
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