Acceptable Upper-Level Electives for B.S., B.A., and Minor in Biology


  • For the B.S. degree, a minimum of 9 of the 15 upper-level electives must be BIO courses (i.e must have a BIO prefix).
  • For the B.A. with Topical Focus, a minimum of 9 of the 15 upper-level electives must be BIO courses
  • For the B.A. with Minor option, a minimum of 6 of the 4-9 upper-level elective credit hours must be BIO courses. If fewer than 6 hours are required to complete the requirements, all hours must be BIO courses
  • For the Biology minor, a minimum of 4 of the 8 elective credit hours must be BIO courses (i.e. courses with BIO prefix)




BIO 3xx, BIO 4xx, BIO 5xx, BIO 6xx



ANT 332 (3) Human Evolution



CHE 226 (3-5) Analytical Chemistry*

CHE 233 (1) Organic Chemistry Laboratory II*

CHE 440G (4) Physical Chemistry

CHE 441G (2) Physical Chemistry Lab*

CHE 442G (3) Physical Chemistry

CHE 446G (3) Physical Chemistry for Engineers

CHE 532 (2) Spectrometric ID of Organic Compounds

CHE 533 (2) Qualitative Organic Analysis Lab*

CHE 550 (3) Biological Chemistry I

CHE 552 (3) Biological Chemistry II

CHE 558 (3) Hormone Receptors and Cell Signals

CHE 565 (3) Environmental Chemistry



EES 401G (3) Invertebrate Paleontology and Evolution 



PSY 459 (3) Neuropharmacology: Drugs and Behavior


Statistics (Biology usually accepts only one of the following for each student)

STA 570 (4) Basic Statistical Analysis

STA 580 (2) Biostatistics I

Other STA courses may be accepted at the discretion of your advisor.

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment

ABT 460 (3) Introduction to Molecular Genetics (Cross listed as AGR/ASC/ENT 460)

ASC 364 (4) Reproductive Physiology of Animals

ASC 378 (4) Animal Nutrition

ENT 310 (3) Insect Pets of Field Crops

ENT 320 (3) Horticultural Entomology

ENT 402 (3) Forest Entomology (cross listed as FOR 402)

ENT 460 (3) Intro to Molecular Genetics (cross listed as ABT/ASC/FOR 360)

ENT 561 (3) Insects Affecting Human and Animal Health

ENT 564 (4) Insect Taxonomy

ENT 568 (3) Insect Behavior

FOR 340 (4) Forest Ecology*

FOR 370 (4) Wildlife Biology and Management

FOR 375 (1) Taxonomy of Forest Vegetation

FOR 402 (3) Forest Entomology*

FOR 435 (3) Conservation Biology

FOR 530 (3) Freshwater Ecology

FOR 510 (4) Herpetology

FSC 530 (5) Food Microbiology*

NRE 320 (3) Natural Resource and Environmental Analysis

NRE 420G (4) Taxonomy of Vascular Plants*

NRE 450G (3) Biogeochemistry

NRC 455G (3) Wetland Delineation

PLS 320 (4) Woody Horticultural Plants*

PLS 366 (4) Fundamentals of Soil Science

PLS 450G (3) Biogeochemistry

PLS 502 (3) Ecology of Economic Plants

PLS 566 (3) Soil Microbiology

PLS 567 (1) Methods in Soil Microbiology (Lab)*

PPA 400G (3) Principles of Plant Pathology*


College of Medicine

ANA 410G (3) Neurobiology of Brain Disorders

ANA 442 (3) Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology

ANA 511 (5) Intro To Human Anatomy*

ANA 512 (4) Microscopy and Ultrastructure*

ANA 516 (3) Anatomy of the Nervous System*

Some other anatomy courses at the 500-level are acceptable, but they are usually restricted to professional students.

BCH 401G (3) Fundamentals of Biochemistry

MI 494G (3) Immunobiology (same as BIO 494G)

MI 595 (2) Immunobiology Laboratory*

MI 598 (3) Clinical Microbiology (same as PAT 598)

PGY 412G (4) Principles of Human Physiology is acceptable as an elective for upper level biology credit ONLY IF a student DOES NOT complete BIO 350. It DOES NOT substitute for BIO 350 or BIO430G) (Only for students who started program before Fall 2017)

PGY 431 (3) Introduction to Neuroendocrinology

PGY 417 (2) Genomics and Epigenetics

PGY 512 (3) Evolutionary Medicine

PGY 560 (1) Pathophysiology

PGY 590 (4) Cellular and Molecular Physiology

TOX 509 (3) Biochemical and Environmental Toxicology


Unacceptable courses often mistakenly thought to be acceptable:

ANA 209 (3) Principles of Human Anatomy and PGY 206 (3) Elementary Physiology are not acceptable electives for Biology majors.

Other courses may be accepted at the discretion of the Director of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Biology (

*Courses that count as a lab course, to fulfill the required lab for upper-level electives


Acceptable upper-level electives (PDF)

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