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Acceptable Upper-Level Electives for B.S., B.A., and Minor in Biology

  • For the B.S. degree, a minimum of 9 of the 15 upper-level electives must be BIO courses (i.e must have a BIO prefix).
  • For the B.A. with Topical Focus, a minimum of 9 of the 15 upper-level electives must be BIO courses
  • For the B.A. with Minor option, a minimum of 6 of the 4-9 upper-level elective credit hours must be BIO courses. If fewer than 6 hours are required to complete the requirements, all hours must be BIO courses
  • For the Biology minor, a minimum of 4 of the elective credit hours must be BIO courses (i.e. courses with BIO prefix)


BIO 3xx, BIO 4xx, BIO 5xx, BIO 6xx

*Excludes any BIO courses already required for degree program*


ANT 332 (3) Human Evolution


CHE 226 (3) Analytical Chemistry

CHE 232 (3) Organic Chemistry II (for BA only)

CHE 233 (1) Organic Chemistry Laboratory II

CHE 440G (3) Physical Chemistry

CHE 441G (2) Physical Chemistry Lab

CHE 442G (3) Physical Chemistry

CHE 446G (3) Physical Chemistry for Engineers

CHE 532 (2) Spectrometric Identification of Organic Molecules

CHE 533 (2) Advanced Organic Chemistry Lab

CHE 550 (3) Biological Chemistry I

CHE 552 (3) Biological Chemistry II

CHE 558 (3) Hormone Receptors and Cell Signals

CHE 565 (3) Environmental Chemistry


EES 401G (3) Invertebrate Paleobiology and Evolution 


PSY 459 (3) Neuropharmacology: Drugs and Behavior

Statistics (Biology usually accepts only one of the following for each student)

STA 570 (4) Basic Statistical Analysis

STA 580 (2) Biostatistics I

Other STA courses may be accepted at the discretion of your advisor.

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment

ABT/ENT 460 (3) Introduction to Molecular Genetics

ASC 364 (4) Reproductive Physiology of Farm Animals

ASC 378 (4) Animal Nutrition and Feeding

ENT 310 (3) Insect Pets of Field Crops

ENT 320 (3) Horticultural Entomology

ENT/FOR 502 (3) Forest Entomology

ENT 561 (3) Insects Affecting Human and Animal Health

ENT 564 (4) Insect Taxonomy

ENT 568 (3) Insect Behavior

FOR 340 (4) Forest Ecology

FOR 370 (4) Wildlife Biology and Management

FOR 435 (3) Conservation Biology

FOR 530 (3) Freshwater Ecology

FOR 510 (4) Herpetology

FSC 530 (5) Food Microbiology

NRE 420G (4) Taxonomy of Vascular Plants

NRE/PLS 450G (3) Biogeochemistry

PLS 320 (4) Woody Horticultural Plants

PLS 330 (2) Herbaceous Horticultural Plants I

PLS 332 (2) Herbaceous Horticultural Plants II

PLS 366 (4) Fundamentals of Soil Science

PLS 502 (3) Ecology of Economic Plants

PLS 566 (3) Soil Microbiology

PLS 567 (1) Methods in Soil Microbiology

PPA 400G (3) Principles of Plant Pathology

College of Medicine

ANA 410G (3) Neurobiology of Brain and Spinal Cord Disorders

ANA 442 (3) Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology

ANA 511 (5) Intro To Human Anatomy

ANA 512 (4) Microscopy and Ultrastructure

ANA 516 (3) Selected Topics in Advanced Neuroscience

Some other anatomy courses at the 500-level are acceptable, but they are usually restricted to professional students.

BCH 401G (3) Fundamentals of Biochemistry

MI/BIO 494G (3) Immunobiology

MI 595 (2) Immunobiology Laboratory

MI/PAT 598 (3) Clinical Microbiology

PGY 412G (4) Principles of Human Physiology is acceptable as an elective for upper level biology credit ONLY IF a student DOES NOT complete BIO 350. It DOES NOT substitute for BIO 350 or BIO430G [Counts ONLY for students that started program before Fall 2017]

PGY 417 (2) Genomics and Epigenetics

PGY 431 (3) Introduction to Neuroendocrinology

PGY 502 (5) Systems, Cellular and Molecular Physiology

PGY 512 (3) Evolutionary Medicine

PGY 560 (1) Pathophysiology: Integrative Study in Physiology and Medicine

TOX 509 (2) Environmental and Regulatory Toxicology

Unacceptable courses often mistakenly thought to be acceptable:

ANA 209 (3) Principles of Human Anatomy and PGY 206 (3) Elementary Physiology are not acceptable electives for Biology majors.

Other courses may be accepted at the discretion of the Director of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Biology (